Originally appeared in the Journal Star and can be found on billknightcolumn.blogspot.com
There’s understandable tension between jobs and the environment in situations like switching from polluting, coal-fired power plants, fracking, and the Keystone XL pipeline. Changes can mean jobs lost – and also jobs gained.
Some say it’s time for an effective transition program for workers displaced by innovation, and it’s an old idea that could also apply to a changing economy.
The late, great labor leader Tony Mazzocchi of the old Oil, Chemical & Atomic Workers (now part of the Steelworkers) in the ’90s envisioned a program to help workers who lose jobs to otherwise-beneficial changes. Mazzocchi focused on changes from environmental improvement, but it could also address a more general economic objective.
To provide a just transition for workers harmed by environmental policies, Mazzocchi proposed the idea of a “Superfund for workers.” The fund would provide financial support and educational opportunities for workers displaced by factors beyond their control.
“There is a Superfund for dirt,” Mazzocchi said 23 years ago. “There ought to be one for workers.
“Paying people to make the transition from one kind of economy to another is not welfare,” he continued. “Those who work with toxic materials on a daily basis … in order to provide the world with the energy and the materials it needs deserve a helping hand to make a new start.”
A broad-based workers’ Superfund could strengthen the hit-and-miss responses of the Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) program, which is supposed to help workers who lose jobs because of policies tied to NAFTA and other “free trade” pacts. TAA provides displaced workers an average of $10,000 over a two-year period, in addition to unemployment compensation, health coverage, etc.
“A strategy has been emerging to protect workers and communities whose livelihoods may be threatened by climate-protection policies,” said author Jeremy Brecher (whose books include “Building Bridges: The Emerging Grassroots Alliance of Labor and Community” and “Common Sense for Hard Times”).
“Protecting those who lose their jobs due to necessary environmental policies has often been referred to as a ‘just transition’,” he added.
Whether tied to environmental innovations or corporations locating overseas, such a Superfund could be structured to provide for full wages and benefits for a transition period, possibly years; for years of schooling, including living expenses; and for decent pensions and health care for those near retirement age.
“Such a program would in many ways resemble the GI Bill that provided education and training, loan guarantees for homes, farms and businesses, and unemployment pay for veterans returning from war,” Brecher wrote in Dollars and Sense magazine. “The program was first established in 1944 for returning veterans of World War II and has been revamped repeatedly. It was critical for the economic boom that followed World War II and for the ability of returning veterans to integrate back into American society. A similar program is needed today for those who are displaced from their jobs through no fault of their own.”
Communities would benefit, too since they’re adversely affected by the individual casualties of job cuts. A decade ago, the federal government conducted a widespread closure of military bases, but that was accompanied by comprehensive government assistance to affected communities and individuals, again targeted to a specific, if widespread, phenomenon.
“Workers dislocated by base closings also received extensive support,” Brecher said. “The Department of Defense provided advance notification of job cuts, counseling, a hiring-preference system with federal agencies to re-employ qualified displaced DoD employees, and financial incentives to encourage early retirement of those eligible. Workers affected by base closings were also eligible for help under a variety of financial support and retraining programs.”
Others could get similar attention – and have, at least in one non-military example. In the 1990s, the U.S. Department of Energy eliminated 47,700 contractor personnel at 13 major sites as a result of downsizing the nation’s nuclear weapons complex, Brecher wrote.
“The DoE conducted a Worker and Community Transition Program that provided grants and other assistance for communities affected by the shutdown of nuclear facilities,” he said. “The goal was to assist displaced workers and provide economic recovery and diversification assistance to the affected communities.”
Maybe something like that could work for Americans who lose their jobs because Caterpillar retrenches or Maytag or Oreo shifts work to Mexico.
It doesn’t seem outrageous to ask, “Shouldn’t U.S. workers be treated at least as well as dirt?”